9.When did David bring the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem? Before defeating the Philistines or after?

(a) After (2 Samuel 5 and 6)




2 Samuel 5  1Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh.  2Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.  3So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.  4David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.  5In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.  6And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither.  7Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David.  8And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind that are hated of David's soul, he shall be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.  9So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward.  10And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him.  11And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house.  12And David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel's sake.  13And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David.  14And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammuah, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon,  15Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia,  16And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet.  17But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and David heard of it, and went down to the hold.  18The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.  19And David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand.  20And David came to Baalperazim, and David smote them there, and said, The LORD hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of waters. Therefore he called the name of that place Baalperazim.  21And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them.  22And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.  23And when David enquired of the LORD, he said, Thou shalt not go up; but fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees.  24And let it be, when thou hearest the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself: for then shall the LORD go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines.  25And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer.




2 Samuel 6  1Again, David gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.  2And David arose, and went with all the people that were with him from Baale of Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of God, whose name is called by the name of the LORD of hosts that dwelleth between the cherubims.  3And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drave the new cart.  4And they brought it out of the house of Abinadab which was at Gibeah, accompanying the ark of God: and Ahio went before the ark.  5And David and all the house of Israel played before the LORD on all manner of instruments made of fir wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on timbrels, and on cornets, and on cymbals.  6And when they came to Nachon's threshingfloor, Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook it.  7And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for his error; and there he died by the ark of God.  8And David was displeased, because the LORD had made a breach upon Uzzah: and he called the name of the place Perezuzzah to this day.  9And David was afraid of the LORD that day, and said, How shall the ark of the LORD come to me?  10So David would not remove the ark of the LORD unto him into the city of David: but David carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite.  11And the ark of the LORD continued in the house of Obededom the Gittite three months: and the LORD blessed Obededom, and all his household.  12And it was told king David, saying, The LORD hath blessed the house of Obededom, and all that pertaineth unto him, because of the ark of God. So David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obededom into the city of David with gladness.  13And it was so, that when they that bare the ark of the LORD had gone six paces, he sacrificed oxen and fatlings.  14And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.  15So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet.  16And as the ark of the LORD came into the city of David, Michal Saul's daughter looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before the LORD; and she despised him in her heart.  17And they brought in the ark of the LORD, and set it in his place, in the midst of the tabernacle that David had pitched for it: and David offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD.  18And as soon as David had made an end of offering burnt offerings and peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD of hosts.  19And he dealt among all the people, even among the whole multitude of Israel, as well to the women as men, to every one a cake of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine. So all the people departed every one to his house.  20Then David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, How glorious was the king of Israel to day, who uncovered himself to day in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovereth himself!  21And David said unto Michal, It was before the LORD, which chose me before thy father, and before all his house, to appoint me ruler over the people of the LORD, over Israel: therefore will I play before the LORD.  22And I will yet be more vile than thus, and will be base in mine own sight: and of the maidservants which thou hast spoken of, of them shall I be had in honour.  23Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no child unto the day of her death.





(b) Before (I Chronicles 13 and 14)


1 Chronicles 13  1And David consulted with the captains of thousands and hundreds, and with every leader.  2And David said unto all the congregation of Israel, If it seem good unto you, and that it be of the LORD our God, let us send abroad unto our brethren every where, that are left in all the land of Israel, and with them also to the priests and Levites which are in their cities and suburbs, that they may gather themselves unto us:  3And let us bring again the ark of our God to us: for we enquired not at it in the days of Saul.  4And all the congregation said that they would do so: for the thing was right in the eyes of all the people.  5So David gathered all Israel together, from Shihor of Egypt even unto the entering of Hemath, to bring the ark of God from Kirjathjearim.  6And David went up, and all Israel, to Baalah, that is, to Kirjathjearim, which belonged to Judah, to bring up thence the ark of God the LORD, that dwelleth between the cherubims, whose name is called on it.  7And they carried the ark of God in a new cart out of the house of Abinadab: and Uzza and Ahio drave the cart.  8And David and all Israel played before God with all their might, and with singing, and with harps, and with psalteries, and with timbrels, and with cymbals, and with trumpets.  9And when they came unto the threshingfloor of Chidon, Uzza put forth his hand to hold the ark; for the oxen stumbled.  10And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzza, and he smote him, because he put his hand to the ark: and there he died before God.  11And David was displeased, because the LORD had made a breach upon Uzza: wherefore that place is called Perezuzza to this day.  12And David was afraid of God that day, saying, How shall I bring the ark of God home to me?  13So David brought not the ark home to himself to the city of David, but carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite.  14And the ark of God remained with the family of Obededom in his house three months. And the LORD blessed the house of Obededom, and all that he had.




1 Chronicles 14  1Now Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and timber of cedars, with masons and carpenters, to build him an house.  2And David perceived that the LORD had confirmed him king over Israel, for his kingdom was lifted up on high, because of his people Israel.  3And David took more wives at Jerusalem: and David begat more sons and daughters.  4Now these are the names of his children which he had in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon,  5And Ibhar, and Elishua, and Elpalet,  6And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia,  7And Elishama, and Beeliada, and Eliphalet.  8And when the Philistines heard that David was anointed king over all Israel, all the Philistines went up to seek David. And David heard of it, and went out against them.  9And the Philistines came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.  10And David enquired of God, saying, Shall I go up against the Philistines? And wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto him, Go up; for I will deliver them into thine hand.  11So they came up to Baalperazim; and David smote them there. Then David said, God hath broken in upon mine enemies by mine hand like the breaking forth of waters: therefore they called the name of that place Baalperazim.  12And when they had left their gods there, David gave a commandment, and they were burned with fire.  13And the Philistines yet again spread themselves abroad in the valley.  14Therefore David enquired again of God; and God said unto him, Go not up after them; turn away from them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees.  15And it shall be, when thou shalt hear a sound of going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt go out to battle: for God is gone forth before thee to smite the host of the Philistines.  16David therefore did as God commanded him: and they smote the host of the Philistines from Gibeon even to Gazer.  17And the fame of David went out into all lands; and the LORD brought the fear of him upon all nations.
 





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